Rotterdam

Rotterdam (, UK also ; Dutch: [ˌrɔtərˈdɑm] (listen)) is the 2nd largest city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is in the province of South Holland, at the mouth of the Nieuwe Maas channel leading into the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rotte. In 1340, Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland. The Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 2.7 million, is the 13th-largest in the European Union and the most populous in the country.

A major logistic and economic centre, Rotterdam is Europe's largest seaport. In 2020, it had a population of 651,446 and is home to over 180 nationalities. Rotterdam is known for its university, riverside setting, lively cultural life, maritime heritage and modern architecture. The near-complete destruction of the city centre in the World War II Rotterdam Blitz has resulted in a varied architectural landscape, including skyscrapers designed by architects such as Rem Koolhaas, Piet Blom and Ben van Berkel.

The Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt give waterway access into the heart of Western Europe, including the highly industrialized Ruhr. The extensive distribution system including rail, roads, and waterways have earned Rotterdam the nicknames "Gateway to Europe" and "Gateway to the World".

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References

  1. Gemeente Vlissingen Burgerlijke Stand VlissingenVlissingenMarriage record for Frederik Mast & Pieternella Lankester, civil registry of marriages, Vlissingen, 1835-03-25, record 13
  2. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the marriage record for Bastiaan Kamhoot & Elizabeth Johanna van der Hoff, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1907-03-20Accessed February 8, 2020
  3. Gemeente Oosterhesselen Burgerlijke Stand OosterhesselenOosterhesselenMarriage record for Folkert Feenstra & Pietertje Veen, civil registry of marriages, Oosterhesselen, 1906-06-15, record 12
  4. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the marriage record for Dirk Spek & Elizabeth Lena Josina Kamhoot, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1914-04-29Accessed February 8, 2020
  5. Gemeente Amsterdam Burgerlijke Stand AmsterdamAmsterdamMarriage record for Klaas de Boer & Aaltje Eikelboom, civil registry of marriages, Amsterdam, 1891-11-12, record 2712
  6. Gemeente Leeuwarden Bevolkingsregister LeeuwardenCivil registry, Leeuwarden, 1876-1904, sheet 180
  7. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the marriage record for Nijs den Ouden & Catharina Kamhoot, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1907-01-03Accessed February 8, 2020
  8. PrivateA citation is available, but has not been published in order to protect people's privacy
  9. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Trijntje Feenstra, civil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1903, record 4632
  10. Gemeente Tholen Bevolkingsregister TholenTholenPopulation registry, Tholen, 1875-1898, sheet 216
  11. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Willem Marinus Kamhoot, civil registry of births, Rotterdam, 1907-03-22, record 3091
  12. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Johanna Paulina Kamhoot, civil registry of births, Rotterdam, 1909-02-19, record 1805
  13. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Leendert Kamhoot, civil registry of births, Rotterdam, 1915-12-27, record 12908
  14. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamMarriage record for Jacob Willem Grandia & Johanna Paulina Kamhoot, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1932-03-31, record 950
  15. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamDeath record for Leendert Kamhoot, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1941-04-26, record 2240
  16. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Grietje Cornelia den Ouden, civil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1912-07-01, record 6506
  17. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract from the marriage record for Johannes Snijders & Adriana Huberdina Kamhoot, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1902-09-17Accessed February 8, 2020
  18. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamCivil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1904-08-18, record 8176
  19. Grave of Harm Feenstra & Geertje ZijdaZaandamGrave of Harm Feenstra & Geertje Zijda
  20. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the marriage record for Leendert Kamhoot & Neeltje Hollebrands, civil registry of marriages, Rotterdam, 1905-05-11Accessed February 8, 2020
  21. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the death record for n.n. Kamhoot, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1906-03-05Accessed February 9, 2020
  22. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the marriage record for Jan Cornelis Kamhoot & Johanna Francisca Veerman, Rotterdam, 1906-03-07Accessed February 8, 2020
  23. Gemeente Zierikzee Burgerlijke Stand ZierikzeeZierikzeeDeath record for Folkert Feenstra, civil registry of deaths, Zierikzee, 1908, record 110
  24. Gemeente Leeuwarden Bevolkingsregister LeeuwardenCivil registry, Leeuwarden, 1904-1922, sheet 120
  25. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Grietje Feenstra, civil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1907-01-03, record 102
  26. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Boukje Feenstra, civil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1908-06-03, record 6109
  27. Gemeente Breda Bevolkingsregister BredaBredaPopulation registry, Breda, 1900-1920, part 05, sheet 161
  28. Gemeente Ilpendam Bevolkingsregister IlpendamIlpendamCivil registry, Ilpendam, 1850-1923, part 32, sheet 35
  29. Gemeente Utrecht Burgerlijke Stand UtrechtUtrechtDeath record for Albert Varenbrink, civil registry of deaths, Utrecht, 1915-01-12, record 79
  30. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the death record for Albert Varenbrink, Rotterdam, 1915-01-02Accessed February 12, 2020
  31. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamBirth record for Albert Varenbrink, civil registry of births, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1915-11-10, record 11384
  32. Rechtbank Rotterdam Civil registry Rechtbank RotterdamRotterdamDeath record for Jan Feenstra, civil registry, Rechtbank Rotterdam, 1927-04-25, record 2064
  33. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the death record for Willem Marinus Kamhoot, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1930-09-14Accessed February 8, 2020
  34. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the death record for Elizabeth Josina van Dijk, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1935-02-05Accessed February 8, 2020
  35. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamExtract of the death record for Adriana Huberdina Kamhoot, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1954-08-30Accessed February 8, 2020
  36. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamDeath record for Nijs den Ouden, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam,1956-03-28, record 793
  37. Gemeente Rotterdam Burgerlijke Stand RotterdamRotterdamDeath record for Catharina Kamhoot, civil registry of deaths, Rotterdam, 1962-01-17, record 192