Hampshire

Hampshire (, (listen); postal abbreviation Hants.) (historically known as Southamptonshire) is a county in South East England on the English Channel coast. The county town is Winchester, England's former capital city. Its two largest cities, Southampton and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities; the rest of the county is governed by Hampshire County Council. With a population of 1.8 million, Hampshire is the most populous ceremonial county in the United Kingdom.

First settled about 14,000 years ago, Hampshire's history dates to Roman Britain, when its chief town was Winchester. The county was recorded in the 11th century Domesday Book, divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century, the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent, wool and cloth manufacture in the county, and the fishing industry, and a shipbuilding industry was established. By the 16th century, the population of Southampton had outstripped that of Winchester. By the mid-19th century, with the county's population at 219,210 (double that at the beginning of the century) in more than 86,000 dwellings, agriculture was the principal industry and 10 per cent of the county was still forest. Hampshire played a crucial military role in both World Wars. The borders of the ceremonial county were created by the Local Government Act 1972 (enacted 1974). Historically part of Hampshire, the Isle of Wight, was made a separate ceremonial county and the towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch were administered as part of the ceremonial county of Dorset.

The county's geography is varied, with upland to 286 metres (938 ft) and mostly south-flowing rivers. There are areas of downland and marsh, and two national parks: the New Forest, and part of the South Downs, which together cover 45 per cent of Hampshire.

Hampshire is one of the most affluent counties in the country, with an unemployment rate lower than the national average, and its economy derived from major companies, maritime, agriculture and tourism. Tourist attractions include many seaside resorts, the national parks and the Southampton Boat Show. The county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens. Hampshire is also the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

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References

  1. Grave of Henry Blomfield LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Henry Blomfield Lankester
  2. Grave of Robert LankesterGrave of Robert Lankester
  3. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1837-09-09, page 3, column 2
  4. Grave of Catherine Deborah LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Catherine Deborah Lankester
  5. Grave of Deborah WoltonSouthamptonGrave of Deborah Wolton
  6. Grave of Joseph Lankester & BessieSouthamptonGrave of Joseph Lankester & BessieAccessed October 27, 2019
  7. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1860-10-20, page 2, column 5
  8. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1861-05-04, page 2, column 4
  9. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1862-03-01, page 8, column 2
  10. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1862-07-05, page 2, column 2
  11. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1868-11-14, page 2, column 2
  12. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1869-01-23, page 2, column 3
  13. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1869-04-03, page 5, column 6
  14. Grave of Mary GoddardGrave of Mary Goddard
  15. Grave of William LankesterGrave of William Lankester
  16. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1877-06-23, page 6, column 5
  17. Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex ChronicleHampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 1882-07-05, page 3, column 3
  18. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1878-06-15, page 8, column 1
  19. The Birmingham Daily PostBirminghamThe Birmingham Daily Post, 1878-06-20, page 4, column 3
  20. The Liverpool MercuryLiverpoolThe Liverpool Mercury, 1878-06-20, page 3, column 8
  21. Grave of NellieSouthamptonGrave of Nellie
  22. Grave of Charles LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Charles Lankester
  23. Grave of Mary LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Mary Lankester
  24. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1892-08-13, page 4, column 7
  25. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-09-21, page 6, column 5
  26. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-11-27, page 4, column 4
  27. Grave of William Goddard LankesterSouthamptonGrave of William Goddard Lankester
  28. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-09-21, page 4, column 2
  29. Grave of Martha Elizabeth LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Martha Elizabeth Lankester
  30. Grave of Emily Anne LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Emily Anne Lankester
  31. Grave of Mary AddisonSouthamptonGrave of Mary Addison
  32. Grave of Augustus LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Augustus Lankester
  33. Grave of Leonard William LankesterGrave of Leonard William Lankester