Wisconsin ( (listen)) is a state in the Upper Midwest region of the United States, bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous.

Milwaukee, its largest city with a population of 590,157 in 2019, sits on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The Milwaukee metropolitan area is home to 1,575,179 people, making it the fourth most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest. The state capital, Madison, is currently the second most populated and fastest growing city in the state, with a 2019 population of 259,680. Green Bay and Kenosha, the third and fourth most populated Wisconsin cities respectively, also sit on the western shores of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is third to Ontario and Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline.

At the time of European contact, the area that is now Wisconsin was inhabited by Algonquian and Siouan nations. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.

The state is one of the nation's leading dairy producers and is known as "America's Dairyland"; it is particularly famous for its cheese. The state is also famous for its beer, particularly and historically in Milwaukee. Manufacturing (especially paper products), information technology, cranberries, ginseng, and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy. Major tourist attractions include the Wisconsin Dells, Lake Geneva, Devil's Lake, the Wisconsin River and its scenic dells, the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, the Ice Age Trail, the Harley-Davidson Museum, Lambeau Field, Door County, the Apostle Islands, Cave of the Mounds, and various festivals such as Summerfest.

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  1. United States Census Office United States CensusUnited States Census, 1850: Franklin, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, sheet 452
  2. United States Census Office United States CensusUnited States Census, 1860: Franklin, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, sheet 123