England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. It is the largest country of the British Isles.

The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.

England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the north (for example, the Lake District and Pennines) and in the west (for example, Dartmoor and the Shropshire Hills). The capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and, prior to Brexit, the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, largely concentrated around London, the South East, and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.

The Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland (through another Act of Union) to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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References

  1. Grave of Henry Blomfield LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Henry Blomfield Lankester
  2. Norfolk Marriage BondsMarriage announcement for Henry Blomfield Lankester & Deborah Wolton, 1795-06-02
  3. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1836-04-09, page 3, column 4
  4. Grave of Robert LankesterGrave of Robert Lankester
  5. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1837-09-09, page 3, column 2
  6. Grave of Catherine Deborah LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Catherine Deborah Lankester
  7. WikipediaWikipedia article about Ray LankesterAccessed April 27, 2020
  8. Grave of Deborah WoltonSouthamptonGrave of Deborah Wolton
  9. The Colonies and IndiaLondonMention of death for Samuel Rushton Lankester, The Colonies and India, 1896-11-24, page 30
  10. Grave of Joseph Lankester & BessieSouthamptonGrave of Joseph Lankester & BessieAccessed October 27, 2019
  11. The Morning PostLondonThe Morning Post, 1859-08-23, page 8, column 5
  12. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1860-10-20, page 2, column 5
  13. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1861-05-04, page 2, column 4
  14. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1862-03-01, page 8, column 2
  15. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1862-07-05, page 2, column 2
  16. Personal accountsSecond-person account
  17. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1868-11-14, page 2, column 2
  18. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1869-01-23, page 2, column 3
  19. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1869-04-03, page 5, column 6
  20. Grave of Mary GoddardGrave of Mary Goddard
  21. Grave of William LankesterGrave of William Lankester
  22. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1877-06-23, page 6, column 5
  23. Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex ChronicleHampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 1882-07-05, page 3, column 3
  24. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1878-06-15, page 8, column 1
  25. The Birmingham Daily PostBirminghamThe Birmingham Daily Post, 1878-06-20, page 4, column 3
  26. The Liverpool MercuryLiverpoolThe Liverpool Mercury, 1878-06-20, page 3, column 8
  27. Grave of NellieSouthamptonGrave of Nellie
  28. Grave of Charles LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Charles Lankester
  29. Grave of Mary LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Mary Lankester
  30. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1892-08-13, page 4, column 7
  31. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-09-21, page 6, column 5
  32. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-11-27, page 4, column 4
  33. Grave of William Goddard LankesterSouthamptonGrave of William Goddard Lankester
  34. The Hampshire AdvertiserSouthamptonThe Hampshire Advertiser, 1895-09-21, page 4, column 2
  35. Het Nieuws van den DagAmsterdam1898-07-28, page 16
  36. Gemeente Olst Burgerlijke Stand OlstOlstExtract of the marriage record for Alexander Albert Holle & Caroline Phebe Lankester, Olst, 1906-02-27Accessed February 11, 2020
  37. Grave of Martha Elizabeth LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Martha Elizabeth Lankester
  38. Grave of unknown LankesterSouthamptonGrave of unknown Lankester
  39. Grave of Emily Anne LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Emily Anne Lankester
  40. Grave of Mary AddisonSouthamptonGrave of Mary Addison
  41. Grave of Augustus LankesterSouthamptonGrave of Augustus Lankester
  42. Gemeente Den Haag Bevolkingsregister Den HaagDen HaagPopulation registry, Den Haag, 0354-01.0513
  43. Grave of Leonard William LankesterGrave of Leonard William Lankester